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Three Arrows Capital


Three Arrows Capital, a Singapore-based cryptocurrency hedge fund founded in 2012 by Kyle Davies and Su Zhu, faced liquidation in June 2022 due to significant trading losses. Initially focused on foreign-exchange derivatives, the fund shifted to cryptocurrencies, claiming a net asset value of $18 billion at its peak. It backed projects like Aave, Avalanche, and Ethereum and held substantial investments in Grayscale Bitcoin Trust and LUNA tokens. The 2022 crypto market downturn, particularly the collapse of LUNA, heavily impacted the fund, leading to regulatory issues and exceeding asset management thresholds. The fund's collapse had widespread effects in the crypto industry, contributing to the bankruptcy of Voyager Digital. Co-founder Zhu was arrested in September 2023 for failing to cooperate with liquidators, marking a significant downfall for the once-prominent hedge fund.

CoinLaunch Score: Last update:
N/A 20 Dec 2023

Three Arrows Capital Overview

Type: Hedge
Total Investment: 3
Project Support: N/A
Social Influence: N/A
Last Investment: 18 Mar
Region of Origin: Singapore, Singapore
Influence Geography: N/A
Type of project assistance: N/A

Three Arrows Capital - About

Three Arrows Capital (3AC or TAC), a Singapore-based cryptocurrency hedge fund, was founded in 2012 by Kyle Davies and Su Zhu. It became known for its aggressive investment strategies in the crypto market, borrowing billions to fund its trading activities. However, the fund faced a dramatic downfall, leading to its liquidation on June 27, 2022, by a court in the British Virgin Islands. This liquidation came after the fund incurred significant losses, estimated to be over $3 billion, making it one of the largest hedge-fund trading losses in history.

Davies and Zhu, who first met at Phillips Academy and later attended Columbia University, initially focused Three Arrows on arbitraging emerging-market foreign-exchange derivatives. However, by 2017, the fund shifted its focus to cryptocurrencies due to changes in the market. At its peak, the fund claimed a net asset value of $18 billion and was estimated to manage about $10 billion in cryptocurrency assets.

Three Arrows Capital was actively involved in backing various cryptocurrency projects, including Aave, Avalanche, Luna, and Ethereum. The fund also held a significant investment in Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) and invested heavily in LUNA tokens in February 2022.

The fund's collapse was partly due to the broad declines in cryptocurrencies in the first half of 2022, with tokens like LUNA, in which 3AC had invested heavily, collapsing to near zero. This led to a series of regulatory and legal challenges, including a reprimand from the Monetary Authority of Singapore for exceeding its assets under management threshold and providing false information.

In the aftermath, the fund's founders faced legal issues, with Zhu being arrested in Singapore in September 2023 for failing to cooperate with the company's liquidators. The collapse of Three Arrows Capital had a significant ripple effect in the cryptocurrency market, contributing to the bankruptcy of crypto lender Voyager Digital and impacting other firms in the industry.

Three Arrows Capital - Indusries

Three Arrows Capital – Investments

Project Score Date Price Status Industry
Starknet logoStarknet
ThetanutsFinance ProfileThetanuts Finance
Ultiverse logoUltiverse

Three Arrows Capital – Co-investors

Fund Score Type Project Support Social Influence Co-investments
paradigm logoParadigmHighVentureVery HighVery High
Polychain Capital logoPolychain CapitalVery HighVentureHighLow
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